What is it about? The United Nations Conference on Climate Change in this 21st edition, is seen as one of the most important in recent times because there is a widespread urge to join efforts to respond effectively to the challenges of climate change, which consequences are increasingly severe.
The COP21 will be happening between November 30th and December 11th at the Exhibition Park in Le Bourget (Paris) and expected to house more than 40,000 people (including Heads of State, representatives of governments, civil society, NGOs,
Newspapers and companies) who may access multiple meetings and plenary sessions where various topics are discussed such as: Forests, Adaptation, Health, Climate Finance, among many others, in addition to meetings of the different negotiating blocs among which we can mention the European Union, the African Group and the Independent Alliance of Latin America and the Caribbean (AILAC).
Looking for an ambitious and binding deal! The president of France who did the opening of the conference, identified three conditions for the success of the cop21: believe that exist a way to not exceed the temperature of the planet to 2 ° C, providing a supportive response understanding that no country should act alone but together in this commitment, and finally understand that this transformation is a moral obligation and a global opportunity.
"We are here to take care of the entire planet, victims of this phenomenon are millions ... and no country or region is exempt from the disasters of climate change and therefore need to talk about climate justice" Hollande said in his speech.
For his part, the General Secretary of the United Nations, began his speech by making a parallel with the recent terrorist attacks, recognizing the presence of the leaders of many countries in spite of what happened and extending condolences to the Parisians.
Ban Ki-Moon said: "The agreement should preserve the balance between developed and developing countries", also expressing the need for an agreement as quickly as possible with a view towards a world with fewer emissions. Laurent Fabius also stressed that climate change is a commitment from all, and emphasized the importance of a common interest to achieve the success of the COP21, and manifest that delegates have a great challenge and although the decision that we are here is crucial, responsibility is not only government, but that solidarity should be part of all.
He further stated "I believe that the historical success is to come."Other recognized leaders express their opinion and position on the matter, as Russian President Vladimir Putin, who said "The agreement should be comprehensive and effective, but also equal".
Meanwhile, German Chancellor Angela Merkel stated that a clear mechanism is needed to measure the goals regularly and said "We need to promote an underworld in toxic emissions considering other approaches, such as transport and energy, a goal means that we have to play a leadership role, the last damage is a responsibility, and Germany will participate in numerous research programs on renewable energy and will help countries with fewer resources."
Xi Jinping, China’s president, said: "The Paris agreement should focus on the fact reinforce our actions beyond 2020. This agreement will help ensure that more resources are made available to fight global warming".
Also, he said that China intended to pave the way for a new era of modernization that allows the harmony between man and nature. "By 2030, we would reduce emissions of greenhouse gases per unit of GDP." Jinping said.
Barack Obama, President of the United States, places greater emphasis on the terrorist attacks "We will stand together in solidarity. We want to greet the people of Paris, and insist that this conference will be held, we want to defy the terrorists and what better way to do it that saying we want a better world for our children. "